There are many types of Screen Printing Process to create artwork on your t-shirt using screen printing easy. Different methods will produce different results. Hence it is necessary to understand various processes used in screen printing.
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Although you didn’t create the artwork, it will still benefit you if you understand how many ways it can be screen printed on a t-shirt.
01. Spot Color Screen Printing:
It is the most common type of t-shirt screen printing. It uses the stock color of the ink by printing it through the stencil of the screen mesh.
This will produce a vibrant solid spot of color and creates a thicker layer of ink depending on the ink and mesh count used.
It is particularly helpful in printing darker garments. But, it is useful for printing 1 – 4 colors; when you have more spot colors, other printing methods such as the simulated process may be of a good option.
Fort example company logos are perfect to print using spot color as it does not generally require gradients or excessive colors.
02. Halftone Printing:
Here mostly a single or multiple colors in gradients are printed. These tones can range from solid spot to beautiful halftone of the same color. This method is excellent when you want to achieve the look of multi-color printing without actually doing it.
For example, if you want to get a pink radiant color on your white t-shirt, you can simply do it by printing red on a white shirt and include a 50% gradient of the red, the 50% gradient will mix with the white to give it a pink appearance, all using only one screen and one color.
It improves the quality of the graphics and also produces a softer feeling print when printed directly on to the garment.
03. Grayscale Printing:
This is a great way to print full-color images as one color grayscales or halftones. Full-color photographs can be printed as a one-color halftone.
Full-color drawings containing a complete range of different colors may also be produced employing a one-color halftone.
Typically it’s done in black ink on a light garment but technically speaking it can be done in any color ink as desired. The resolution will depend on the lines per inch used in the dot pattern.
The more dots a halftone has, the more detailed the print will look. This is a great cost-effective technique to print black and white photographs on garments.
04. Duotone Printing:
It is the combination of two halftones for the same image printed with two colors. First, a black halftone is printed on white tees, and then a second halftone will be printed with color ink.
The color halftone combines with the black halftone to product a duotone color hue. This gives a retro and cooling effect to the prints on light garments and gives an appearance of a full-color print but at a much less expensive rate. It produces a softer feel print when printed onto the garment.
05. CMYK Printing:
This is the most complex of all screen printing process and should be done on an automatic press. It can be done manually, but for optimum result, you need an automatic t-shirt press.
Here, we take a full-color photograph and break it down to it four constituent colors: cyan, magenta, yellow and black. The printing process combines these four colors to recreate the full tonal and color range of the original image. This is an expensive process, mainly done on dark garments.
06. Simulated Printing Process:
This combines the four-color printing process with spot color printing. Combining spot colors with halftone colors to create the original image.
Here, use the spots to intensify the overall look of the printed shirt. It can turn out to be more expensive as it requires complex artwork and addition of many screens.
This is most often the process used to print complex images on black colored garments. It can produce high photos but demands experience in artwork creation.
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